Peloponnesian PDO wines (“Protected Designation Of Origin”) are in accordance with national and European legislation and are inseparably linked to authentic Greek terroirs for which the Peloponnese is, wine-wise, proud. The historicity of their wine-producing zones, of which many reaches to antiquity and their continuation in time, proves that the Peloponnese is a not only alive but also completely active wine monument of Greece and of the whole wine world.
Peloponnesian PDO wines, just like all the other PDO wines of Greece, follow the tradition of the wines from the European wine world during which some wines obtain fame and prestige because of their origin (Designation of Origin). More correctly, the Greek wines of antiquity were mainly those who established the logic of Designation of Origin, which, in a way, ensures authenticity, that is, originality and formality, often related to high quality. Even in the continuation of history, and especially wine history, the best example of Designation of Origin-there is no greater fame and quality than that of the most famous wine of the middle Ages, Malvasia wine and it was also a wine which originated from the Peloponnese (that is why it was revived there, through PDO Monemvasia-Malvasia).
The seven Peloponnesian PDO wines in total (approximately 25% of PDO wines in Greece) are produced exclusively from native grape varieties, within the framework of strict commitments and are the following: PDO Mantinia, PDO Nemea, PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras, PDO Patras, PDO Muscat Patras, PDO Muscat of Rio Patras and PDO Monemvasia-Malvasia.
The wine zone PDO Mantinia is in Arcadia (Arcadia Wine Roads), mainly in the plateau of the area, with an altitude of over 650 meters where grapes mature slowly and evidently and on the slopes around it. The name of this PDO wine comes from Ancient Mantinia.
Grape Varieties: Moschofilero (at least 85%), Asproudes
Wine Type: Dry white
PDO Nemea zone is the only one in Greece that extends into two regional parts: mainly in the south-central part of Korinthia and the northwestern part of Argolida. This wine is the “Fliasios oenos” of the Ancient Greek and in linked to the myth of Hercules who was worshipped in the area, with his own Sanctuary (traditionally PDO Nemea = “Hercules’s blood”). Agiorgitiko, a variety of PDO Nemea wine may have been named by Nemea’s old name, Agios Georgios.
Grape Variety: Agiorgitiko 100%
Wine types: Dry, semi-sweet and sweet red
PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras
The zone for the sweet wines (vin de liqueur) PDO Mavrodaphne of Patras, the most popular ones in Greece, is in the central-north of Achaia. These wines mature for at least one year in oak barrels with a capacity of up to 1000 liters. After two years of maturation they can be labeled as Reserve and after at least three years in barrels and in total seven years in barrels and bottles, Grand Reserve.
Grape Varieties: Mavrodaphne, Black Corinth
Wine Type: Sweet red
The wine producing zone of PDO Patras (the largest PDO Greek wine zone) is situated in semi-mountainous and mountainous areas of a large northeastern and central Achaia area in total. Mountainous Aigialia is probably its most beautiful and beneficial for viticulture part, where the variety Rhoditis is at its best.
Grape Variety: Rhoditis 100%
Wine Types: Dry, semi-dry and semi-sweet white
PDO Muscat of Patras
The wine zone PDO Muscat of Patras is in Achaia, it is related only to sweet wines and is smaller than PDO Patras. These wines can be sweet (vin naturellement doux) and natural sweet (vin doux naturel-vin de liqueur). Grand cru on the label shows that the grape is exclusively from privately-owned vineyards of a lower yield.
Grape Variety: Muscat White 100%
Wine Type: Sweet white
PDO Muscat of Rio Patras
The small wine zone of PDO Muscat of Rio Patras is situated east of Patras and Rio, in Achaia and produces one of the best sweet wines of Greece, some of which are world-class. These wines are sweet (vin naturellement doux and vin doux naturel-vin de liqueur). Grand cru on the label shows the grape comes exclusively from privately-owned vineyards of a lower yield.
Grape Variety: White Muscat 100%
Wine Type: Sweet white
PDO Monemvasia-Malvasia zone is in the southeast of Laconia (peninsula Epidaurus Limiras and Cape Maleas) and its wine revives the most popular and best wine of the middle Ages (Malvasia wine). It matures in a barrel for oxidizing for at least two years, or else four or multiples of four.
Grape Varieties: Monemvasia (at least 51%), Assyrtiko, Asproudes, Kydonitsa
Wine type: Sweet white, from sun-dried grapes (sun-dried, vin liastos/vin de raisin passerile), liqueur wine from sun-dried grapes (liastos, vin de liqueur de raisin passerile)