White wine native grape varieties

Moschofilero

Moschofilero is one of Greece’s emblematic grape varieties and the most important one in the Peloponnese for the production of white wines. It is also one of the four Greek grape varieties whose wines are the most important presence for Greek wines in the international wine market.

What?
Moschofilero is a varietal with the color of the rose which is, however, vinified for white wines, some rosé and some fine sparkling ones. There are also a few white Moschofileros that have matured in a barrel from which they successfully get noticeable body.
Where?
The Peloponnese and mainly Arcadia is the field where Moschofilero stars. It is the variety of the white, still or sparkling wine PDO Mantinia which is cultivated mainly in the high plateau that bares the same name, at an altitude of more than 600 meters (Arcadia Wine Roads).
Why?
Because Moschofilero, despite being Mediterranean, is very exotic, impressive and unexpected. Its wines quench your thirst and refresh you, while its intense aroma, as intense as that of musk is pleasantly surprising.
For who?
For wine-lovers who love aromatic wines with a light bodied mouth, but also for newcomers in the wine world, who will be impressed by the exotic and aromatic intensity that Moschofilero has.
How?
How Moschofilero wine tastes is better to recall than to describe. Light-colored, elegant and exotic, with lemon flower, rose and litchi aromas, it has a playful and light bodied mouth which tickles with its acidity, sometimes spicily.
When?
Moschofileros are consumed pleasantly on a daily basis but also accompanying an appetizer, in meals including more than one wine. They are wines ideal for spring, summer and relaxing moments while they play the role of an aperitif marvelously.
With what?
Moschofilero can successfully accompany elegant dishes. They may be appetizers, salads or main dishes as long as they are fine. It also matches national cuisines of the Middle and Far East. Its low content in alcohol guarantees its good match with spicy and hot dishes.

 

Roditis

Roditis, maybe the most well-known Greek white wine variety in Greece, as far as its plantings and production amounts are concerned, produces wines of many different quality levels. Under certain conditions (proper cultivation, without high yields) produces very good wines, with a good value for money. Despite, however, the quantity referred to before, Roditis remains greatly undiscovered and where it thrives is in mountain vineyards like those of mountainous Aigialia.

What?
A reddish grape variety (as its name suggests- Roditis), one of the most planted, if not the most planted one in Greece and definitely in the Peloponnese, which produces white wines.
Where?
Roditis is cultivated in almost all of mainland Greece, but also the Peloponnese and especially in Achaia, really in great quantities. It yields white dry wines like PDO Patras (Achaia Wine Roads).
Why?
Because white wines made from Roditis are an undiscovered field, they have their very own aromatic and tasteful character and are sold at very good prices.
For who?
Wines made from Roditis are appropriate for restless wine-lovers whose joy to discover “good” wines made from or with Roditis (and there are many) will surely be great. They are also appropriate for every day, as wines that are easily consumed.
How?
The modernly cultivated and vinified Roditis leads to very high quality wines, with clear nose, which remind us of lemon, lemon flowers and white fleshed fruits. They have a medium mouth and an acidity that refreshes (of course there are some less satisfying samples, because of the high yields the variety offers so the selection of good producers is guaranteed).
When?
Roditis produces dry white wines for our daily table, something that helps the good value for money they usually have.
With what?
Wines made of Roditis are very flexible on the table, ideal to match with averagely intense appetizers, salads and probably light dishes based on vegetables, pasta, rice, not oily fish, white meats etc.

Muscat

Greece means sun and Muscat loves the sun a lot. This white grape variety, ideal for sweet wines, finds its home in Greece (anyway Greece is considered its place of origin). The Peloponnese on the other hand ideally hosts the variety Muscat, which adapts to many different heights and terroirs and produces sweet wines of even worldwide class, which constantly win awards, medals and high scores in various types of international assessments. So the Peloponnesian sweet wines made of Muscat are able to leave the mouth of a demanding wine lover open and their pockets full, since their cost is really low, compared with their counterparts abroad.

What?
White Muscat is a variety well-known for the sweet wines it produces in various different wine producing countries. In Greece, some of the best sweet wines in the world are produced from Muscat, some of them in the Peloponnese.
Where?
In the Peloponnese Muscat is cultivated in Achaia and produces two PDO wines, PDO Muscat of Patras and PDO Muscat of Rio Patras (Achaia Wine Roads).
Why?
Because sweet white Peloponnesian Muscat wines are of very good quality, they are great examples of wines of their type and, in some cases, they reach world-class levels. On the other hand, their great value for money makes them unique in the world.
For who?
Wines made of Muscat are for those who love sweet wines with a Mediterranean character and like… drinking the sun in their glass, paying close to nothing for their wine.
How?
The aromas sweet Muscat wines acquire in the Greek vineyard are explosive. The typical, unique Muscat aroma is evident in them and, according to the vinification, it is enriched with exotic aromas (e.g. litsi), aromas of dry nuts, cocoa etc. However, what is unbelievable is their taste concentration, which, in most cases, is satisfyingly or completely balanced by the acidity, giving exquisite examples of sweet wines. On the other hand, the good use of a barrel, when applied, makes them even more dense and complex.
When?
Sweet Muscats are worth having when a concentrated sweet white wine is needed, which will be consumed on its own, as a liqueur or after good meals. Peloponnesian Muscats on the other hand, are bound to make a good impression since they always and rightly, look much more expensive than they are.
With what?
Sweet Muscat wines of the Peloponnese match delightfully with chocolate desserts, especially with white and milk chocolate but also fruit tarts, desserts with syrup, dried fruits etc.

Kydonitsa

«Brevity is the source of wit” and in the case of the white, Spartan variety Kydonitsa, it is good wine. This highly aromatic variety took its name from the fruit that bares the same name, quince (“kydoni” in Greek- “Kydonitsa”) because it smells of -what else?- quince. Mixed in plantations with other varieties, although known for decades, it revived in the 21st century, cultivated separately. It remains, however, rare.

What?
Kydonitsa produces aromatic and soft, round in taste white wines.
Where?
The relatively few plantations of Kydonitsa are in southeastern Peloponnese (Lakonia), known for Monemvassia and Mystras. Kydonitsa is also part of the blend of sweet PDO wines Monemvassia-Malvasia (Wine Roads Lakonia).
Why?
Because dry wines made of Kydonitsa are completely different and characteristic of their different aroma, that of quince, while the sweet PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia travel him who chooses them in other wine periods, like the medieval wine with the same name (Malvasia) which was the most famous wine of the known world then, for centuries.
For who?
The aromas and character of wines made from Kydonitsa make them pleasing to those who prefer aromatic, but not especially acidic white wines. So Kydonitsas win not only experienced wine lovers who are seeking for something different, but also the wide wine lovers, because of their pleasant character.
How?
Yellow-green and not too bright is the color of the wines made of Kydonitsa. On the contrary, their aromas are strong, with that of ripe quince dominating. They have a round and soft mouth and, therefore, are easily consumed.
When?
When except for something different something easily approachable in needed in white wine, Kydonitsa takes us out of the difficult position because it helps the selection of a different white wine be easily accepted.
With what?
Wines made of Kydonitsa have important potential to accompany many different dishes. For this reason they are not limited to the usual matching of white wines, that is, fish and sea food (with which they match but not when iodine is high and the frying pan is used). They match perfectly with creative salads, not too acidic ones, poultry, oily foods, white salty cheeses etc.

Lagorthi

A “Northern European” in Greece… an elegant white variety, against the indolence of Southern Europe. Such characterizations fit Lagorthi, since it is one of the few, if not the only Greek white grape variety which even stands up to the Mediterranen Sun “God”, it defies him and yields fresh, dry white wines with a crystal clear and refines character which reminds us of those of Northern Europe.

What?
Lagorthi produces elegant and fine white wines, with a sharp acidity.
Where?
A child of Achaia, Lagorthi is planted mainly in the north of the Peloponnese (Laconia Wine Roads).
Why?
Because white wines made of Lagorthi are unique for a Mediterranean country and they confirm the versatile and many times unpredictable of the Greek vineyard and especially the authenticity of Peloponnesian terroirs.
For who?
Lagorthi wines will satisfy the devotees of Northeuropean style white wines (thin, fine, with high acidity and low alcohol content).
How?
Lagorthi produces wines with a very soft yellow silver color and a rather discrete nose which focuses on elegance, on their minerality and florality. Their fine mouth is clear, with an intense acidity and low alcohol sometimes even lower than 12%. Lagorthi wines can age in the bottle for some years (2-3) acquiring complexity and an even more mineral character.
When?
When wine requirements lead to something fine to accompany moments of elegance with a white wine made of Lagorthi or with Lagorthi in its blend, will satisfy greatly.
With what?
Definitely with shellfish and in general with and elegant dishes with acidity, because of the fine character Lagorthi gives its wines with its sharp acidity.

 

Monemvassia

The variety Monemvassia, although very flexible as far as the terroir it is cultivated in is concerned, displays various… oddities. It originates from the Peloponnese but is also come across on islands of the Aegean (mainly Paros). It was only at the beginning of the 21st century and after long scientific research that a sweet wine was established, PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia, to revive one of the most famous wines that ever appeared on earth, Malvasia wine. Its main variety is Monemvassia.

What?
Monemvassia is the only Greek white variety that is come across in dry PDO wines and red PDO wines but also in sweet white PDO wines, the last ones on the Peloponnese.
Where?
Monemvassia originates from Lakonia where the beautiful castle that bares the same name is, an area where we find the sweet wine PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia with Monemvassia as the main variety (Laconia Wine Roads).
Why?
Because the sweet PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia wines, in which Monemvassia prevails, except from being remarkable, take the wine lover to Medieval times when for centuries Malvasia wine was the best and most famous wine in almost the whole known world then
For who?
The way we find it in the Peloponnese, in the wine PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia, the variety Monemvassia is for those who love especially sweet white wines of a Mediterranean character for which Greece is, anyway, famous for.
How?
Monemvassia gives wines in which it takes part aromas of citrus fruit and white-fleshed fruits. These it adds also to the sweet PDO wines Monemvassia-Malvasia which are mainly enriched with quince aromas of the variety Kydonitsa. Their intensely sweet taste often has a mineral character and is balanced because of the acidity of the refreshing Monemvassia but mainly of the Assyrtiko variety which is in the blend.
When?
When the occasions require sweet wine with a special personality and contact with one of the most important wine stories in the world, that of Malvasia wine, a PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia wine is the appropriate choice.
With what?
The aromas Monemvassia gives PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia wines with sufficient but balanced sweetness, matches with creamy desserts, desserts with syrup, as well as with cheeses of intense taste and aromas.

Asproudes

It is not impossible that Asproudes is a group of white varieties and not a single variety. In reality and traditionally, Asproudes are white varieties who have not actually been identified but are used in wine production (e.g. the variety Tinaktorogos is probably included in these). We come across them all over the Peloponnese, especially central Peloponnese (Arcadia Wine Roads). Asproudes are formalized in the wines PDO Mantinia and PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia, in which case a small quantity of them is allowed for its production.


Assyrtiko

Originating from Santorini, Assyrtiko is a world-class white grape variety. It has been planted in many parts of mainland Greece and in parts of the Peloponnese, maintaining, among others, its high acidity, for which it is useful in blends. One of these is the sweet wine PDO Monemvassia-Malvasia (Laconia Wine Roads).


Volitsa

One of the most rare and unexplored Greek grape varieties, Volitsa is come across sporadically only in the Peloponnese and mainly in mountainous vineyards. There is red and white Volitsa.


Malagouzia

Malagouzia, after having disappeared in the 1970s, virtually revived in the 21st century, showing the dynamic that some Greek varieties have. As a white aromatic variety “in fashion” (but not “mainstream”), it was widely planted, among others, in the Peloponnese as well. It produces dry and a few sweet wines, usually with an explosive fruity and herbal nose, a just as aromatic taste and a moderate to refreshing acidity which fascinate style lovers.


 

Petroulianos

A white variety originated from the Peloponnese and present mainly there, Petroulianos has a low acidity so it is mainly used in blends, mostly of sweet wines.


Rokaniaris

The few examples of wine from this white grape variety, Rokaniaris, come from the Peloponnese and have a somewhat refreshing acidity.


Tinaktorogos

It is a very rare variety which stood out as a plantation in Ilia (Ilia Wine Roads) in the 21st century. Tinaktorogos is probably in the Asproudes family and can possibly produce wines of a distinct personality.


Fileri

Just like its name suggests, the pinkish-white colored Fileri is a cousin of Moschofilero but probably the “poor” one since it is les aromatic (anyway Moschofilero’s aroma dynamic is one of the greatest). It is cultivated in central Greece and, of course, in the Peloponnese, with the unique varietal samples of white or rosé wines coming from the latter.